Steps taken during the mitigation phase of emergency management help to reduce loss of life and property damage.  Buildings codes and zoning requirements mitigate the risk to the community.  A study conducted by the Multi-hazard Mitigation Council showed that for every dollar spent on mitigation, four dollars are saved by the society.  Purchasing flood insurance is an example of something that residents can do to mitigate their risk.

Education is also an important part of the mitigation phase.  When the risks are fully understood, they can better be planned for.