How is the tax rate established?

The tax rate, or mill rate, is established annually by the elected Town Council through the adoption of the town’s budget. This process of establishing the tax rate begins with the preparation of the Town Manager’s Proposed Budget and concludes with the Town Council’s adoption of the budget and mill rate.

The simplified formula for determining the mill rate is the Town Levy divided by the Taxable Grand List. The Town Levy (also referred to as the Grand Levy) is simply the amount of money the Town needs to generate through the property tax in order to provide town services. The Taxable Grand List is the total of taxable assessments for all real estate, motor vehicles, and personal property located within the Town’s boundaries.